For more than fifty years, we’ve known about contaminants in our drinking water. Still today, heavy metals and dangerous pollutants are widespread, strengthening the advocacy for home water filters. These filters diminish trace minerals, and other compounds from accumulating in our water supply, but surprisingly, many people still don’t realize the importance of filtration.
The Dangerous Contaminants We Consume
Heavy metals in drinking water are now, in addition to nitrate and chloro-organic compounds, the most dangerous pollutants in fresh water. Some metals such as Sodium, Calcium, Potassium or Magnesium are vital for the routine functions of the human body. Other elements such as light and heavy metals, like Aluminium, Cadmium, Nickel, and Arsenic are highly toxic, even in small concentrations. Since the contamination by heavy metals is a long-term and irreversible process the governments have minimum and maximum acceptable levels.
The Toxicity Of Metals
The toxicity levels depend on the type of metal, and its biological role. Trace metals such as copper and zinc play a significant role and impact a number of biological enzymes. As such, their presence in small amounts in many organisms is critical for normal physiological functions. Regardless of the role of these metals as micronutrients at low concentrations, their accumulation in higher concentrations becomes toxic.
High Copper levels are associated with liver damage, which could lead to adverse nutrient interactions and high concentrations of Zinc, and lead to the weakening of immune functions. Other metals like Arsenic, Cadmium, and Nickel are not required for routine functions of the human body and are toxic even in low concentrations. Their damaging effect on our bodies includes growth stunts and damage to our organs and the nervous system, and in extreme cases, death.
Regulations Diminish Amount Of Pollutants
The maximum permissible concentration of heavy metals in drinking water is determined by government regulations, however, recent tests in a number of states have found that levels are too high, especially Lead. One of the main reasons for this is the use of older pipes. Heavy metals in drinking water accumulate in the body over time and threaten our health. Particularly at risk are children, pregnant women, and adults with compromised immunity systems.
As the pressure on governments grows to resolve this dilemma, the burden lays with consumers. Water utilities and municipalities, need to solve this lead problem for good.
Using home water filters solves this urgent problem in the meantime, and while not the best long-term solution that fixes the problem, having a water filtration system installed into the home will purify the water.